29 Sep Regulations for thermodynamic equipment in the tertiary sector
Thermodynamic solutions (direct expansion air conditioning, heat pumps, thermodynamic hot water heaters, thermodynamic vent systems) are subject to the ErP Directive and the European F-Gas Regulation, which seeks to reduce greenhouse gas emissions generated by thermodynamic equipment. It imposes a system whereby useable HFC gas quotas, expressed in CO2 equivalent tonnes (tCO2eq), are reduced every two years until 2030. This pushes manufacturers to use alternatives to widely used refrigerants such as R-134a and R-410A, which have a high Global Warming Power (GWP), and explore fluids with a much lower GWP such as R-32 or HFO R-1234ze. This transition to other refrigerants means that thermodynamic machines need to be redesigned.